In central Randers the basements had frequently been flooded over a period of time. These floodings were found to be due to insufficient capacity of the area's sewerage system. Another consequence of this was frequent surcharging to the nearby receiving waters, Tyvdalen, from an overflow structure in Aalborg Street. The area's sewerage system is a combined system and it contains a large number of low lying basements which are sensitive to high water levels in the system. The city's consultants carried out a number of MOUSE simulations in order to analyse the problem. On the basis of this, the consultant suggested improving the capacity of the main sewerage system in Aalborg Street - a second pipeline parallel to the existing one should be laid. The central section of the new pipe was suggested to be a 48" (ø1200) pipe detention basin.
The two flow regulators secured the optimal functioning of the pipe detention basin. In choosing this solution the city achieved a considerable reduction in the frequency of basement floodings and surcharges to the receiving waters.
The consulting engineers were Carl Bro A/S
Randers Shopping Centre is constructed on former farm land and it has 1800 parking spaces, distributed over the Centre's 21 acres (~8.5 ha) of open spaces.
2/3 of the stormwater run-off from the parking lot and approx. 3.2 acres (~1.3 ha) roof top run-off is conveyed to an existing 32" (ø800) combined sewerage pipe in the nearby Merkurvej (Mercury Street). Although the parking lot is laid out using small concrete tiles and green areas, one would nevertheless expect a considerable amount of run-off from the parking lot.
The capacity of the Merkurvej pipe is 11800 GPM (~746 l/s). 9400 GPM (~589 l/s) are already used by existing catchments. The run-off from the Centre is estimated to exceed 17500 GPM (~1100 l/s) on average every 10th year. It was therefore necessary to control the storm water run-off from the Centre's parking lot.
The problem was solved in the following way: Each of the two parking lot blocks had installed a subterranean detention basin (viz. 2200 ft3 (~220 m3) and 3800 ft3 (~380 m3). A CY vortex regulator controls the run-off from each basin (capacity viz. 1950 GPM (123 l/s and370 GPM (~61 l/s). Some extra storage volume is gained by allowing moderate flooding on terrain (on average once every 10th year). The volume gained is viz. 4800 ft3 (~480 m3) and 8200 ft3 (~820 m3) (i.e. twice the basins' volumes!).
The consulting engineers were Abrahamsen & Nielsen A/S.
Mosbaek North America, Inc. • 3525 Piedmont Road • 7 Piedmont Center • Atlanta GA 30305 • E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org